Preventing Diabetes

Risk factors for type-2 diabetes

Updated On Jan 12, 2022

Risk factors for type-2 diabetes may include:

  • Having high blood pressure
  • Triglyceride (fat) levels in the blood are high. When it exceeds 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), it is too high
  • Having gestational diabetes.
  • Women who are pregnant face a number of risks. Type 2 diabetes is more likely to appear if you developed gestational diabetes during pregnancy or if you delivered a child that weighed more than 9 pounds (4 kilograms)
  • Pre-diabetes. Diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Diabetes type 2 commonly develops from symptoms of prediabetes left untreated.
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • A diet high in fat and carbohydrates
  • High alcohol consumption
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Overweight/obese
  • PolyCystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is characterized by polycystic ovary development. Those suffering from PCOS, can experience irregular menstruation, excessive hair growth and obesity, are at greater risk of developing diabetes
  • People who belong to ethnic groups at greater risk for diabetes e.g. African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanics, and Asians.
  • Over 45 years old. Diabetes type 2 is highly associated with older age. At age 45, the risk of type 2 diabetes begin to rise significantly, and increases even more past the age of 65
  • Undergone an organ transplant. It is common that medication is needed to be taken for the rest of your life after an organ transplant, so that your body doesn’t reject the organ. Although these drugs improve the chances of organ transplantation, some of them, such as tacrolimus (Astagraf, Prograf) or steroids, can lead to diabetes or worsen it
  • An abdominal fat distribution that is above the hips and thighs, as opposed to the hips and thighs, may indicate greater risk. Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur in men who have a waist circumference of over 40 inches (101.6 centimeters) or in women who have a circumference of over 35 inches (88.9  centimeters)
  • Family history. If your parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes, you are at an increased risk of developing the condition